Cricket – die Regeln sind nur wenigen Menschen hierzulande bekannt. In Deutschland ist es ein eher exotisches und von weniger Sportlern. Die Spielregeln. Regel 01 Die Spieler. Cricket Regeln. Cricket ist Beim Cricket dreht sich alles um das Duell zwischen dem Werfer (Bowler) und den beiden Schlagmännern (Batsmen) auf der Pitch.
Laws of CricketEin neuer Trendsport erobert Deutschland: Welche Erfolge Cricket feiert und wie das Spiel gespielt wird, lest ihr. Bei Cricket muss man in erster Linie Geduld haben. Denn ein Spiel dauert in der Regel bis zu 5 Tage. Die zehn Länder, welche die offizielle. Cricket in India is what Football is to Germany. I congratulate IHK Hannover for this wonderful initiative to produce a book of rules for the game of Cricket.
Cricket Regeln Bei Cricket Punkte erzielen VideoHow to play cricket: The Basics Cricket – die Regeln sind nur wenigen Menschen hierzulande bekannt. In Deutschland ist es ein eher exotisches und von weniger Sportlern gespieltes Spiel. Auch wenn Deutschland direkt hinter dem. English Cricket Number of Players: Two players or two teams Numbers in Play: All numbers are used but since each score must exceed 40 the higher numbers especially 20 are the favorites. The object of cricket is to score more runs than your opponent. There are three variations of the game (Test, One Day and Twenty 20) and each give a certain timescale in which the game must be completed. To score a run you need to hit the ball with a cricket bat made from wood (usually English willow or Kashmir). Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a yard (metre) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. A standard cricket ground, showing the cricket pitch (brown), close-infield (light green) within 15 yards ( m) of the striking batsman, infield (medium green) inside the white 30 yard ( m) circle, and outfield (dark green), with sight screens beyond the boundary at either end.
Therefore it may be worth declaring an innings to creat the possibility of a win rather than a draw. The aim of the batsmen is to score runs.
In doing this one run is scored. Cricket rules state they may run multiple runs per shot. As well as running they can also score runs by hitting boundaries.
A boundary scores the batsmen either 4 or 6 runs. A four is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary after hitting the ground while a six is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary on the full before it hits the ground.
They will only obtain the 4 or 6 runs. Cricket rules state that all runs scored by these methods are awarded to the batting team but not the individual batters.
There are a number of different ways a batsman can be given out in the game of cricket. Following are the different ways a batsman can be given out according to the rules of cricket:.
There are many other cricket rules. Fielders often change position between deliveries, again as directed by the captain or bowler.
If a fielder is injured or becomes ill during a match, a substitute is allowed to field instead of him, but the substitute cannot bowl or act as a captain, except in the case of concussion substitutes in international cricket.
Most bowlers are considered specialists in that they are selected for the team because of their skill as a bowler, although some are all-rounders and even specialist batsmen bowl occasionally.
The specialists bowl several times during an innings but may not bowl two overs consecutively. If the captain wants a bowler to "change ends", another bowler must temporarily fill in so that the change is not immediate.
A bowler reaches his delivery stride by means of a "run-up" and an over is deemed to have begun when the bowler starts his run-up for the first delivery of that over, the ball then being "in play".
This type of delivery can deceive a batsman into miscuing his shot, for example, so that the ball just touches the edge of the bat and can then be "caught behind" by the wicket-keeper or a slip fielder.
A spinner will often "buy his wicket" by "tossing one up" in a slower, steeper parabolic path to lure the batsman into making a poor shot.
The batsman has to be very wary of such deliveries as they are often "flighted" or spun so that the ball will not behave quite as he expects and he could be "trapped" into getting himself out.
There are ten ways in which a batsman can be dismissed: five relatively common and five extremely rare. The common forms of dismissal are bowled ,  caught ,  leg before wicket lbw ,  run out  and stumped.
If the batsman is out, the umpire raises a forefinger and says "Out! Batsmen take turns to bat via a batting order which is decided beforehand by the team captain and presented to the umpires, though the order remains flexible when the captain officially nominates the team.
In order to begin batting the batsman first adopts a batting stance. Standardly, this involves adopting a slight crouch with the feet pointing across the front of the wicket, looking in the direction of the bowler, and holding the bat so it passes over the feet and so its tip can rest on the ground near to the toes of the back foot.
A skilled batsman can use a wide array of "shots" or "strokes" in both defensive and attacking mode. The idea is to hit the ball to the best effect with the flat surface of the bat's blade.
If the ball touches the side of the bat it is called an " edge ". The batsman does not have to play a shot and can allow the ball to go through to the wicketkeeper.
Equally, he does not have to attempt a run when he hits the ball with his bat. Batsmen do not always seek to hit the ball as hard as possible, and a good player can score runs just by making a deft stroke with a turn of the wrists or by simply "blocking" the ball but directing it away from fielders so that he has time to take a run.
A wide variety of shots are played, the batsman's repertoire including strokes named according to the style of swing and the direction aimed: e.
The batsman on strike i. To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the popping crease with either their bats or their bodies the batsmen carry their bats as they run.
Each completed run increments the score of both the team and the striker. The decision to attempt a run is ideally made by the batsman who has the better view of the ball's progress, and this is communicated by calling: usually "yes", "no" or "wait".
More than one run can be scored from a single hit: hits worth one to three runs are common, but the size of the field is such that it is usually difficult to run four or more.
In these cases the batsmen do not need to run. If an odd number of runs is scored by the striker, the two batsmen have changed ends, and the one who was non-striker is now the striker.
Only the striker can score individual runs, but all runs are added to the team's total. Additional runs can be gained by the batting team as extras called "sundries" in Australia due to errors made by the fielding side.
This is achieved in four ways: no-ball , a penalty of one extra conceded by the bowler if he breaks the rules;  wide , a penalty of one extra conceded by the bowler if he bowls so that the ball is out of the batsman's reach;  bye , an extra awarded if the batsman misses the ball and it goes past the wicket-keeper and gives the batsmen time to run in the conventional way;  leg bye , as for a bye except that the ball has hit the batsman's body, though not his bat.
The captain is often the most experienced player in the team, certainly the most tactically astute, and can possess any of the main skillsets as a batsman , a bowler or a wicket-keeper.
Within the Laws, the captain has certain responsibilities in terms of nominating his players to the umpires before the match and ensuring that his players conduct themselves "within the spirit and traditions of the game as well as within the Laws".
The wicket-keeper sometimes called simply the "keeper" is a specialist fielder subject to various rules within the Laws about his equipment and demeanour.
He is the only member of the fielding side who can effect a stumping and is the only one permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards.
Generally, a team will include five or six specialist batsmen and four or five specialist bowlers, plus the wicket-keeper.
The game on the field is regulated by the two umpires , one of whom stands behind the wicket at the bowler's end, the other in a position called "square leg" which is about 15—20 metres away from the batsman on strike and in line with the popping crease on which he is taking guard.
The umpires have several responsibilities including adjudication on whether a ball has been correctly bowled i. The umpires are authorised to interrupt or even abandon a match due to circumstances likely to endanger the players, such as a damp pitch or deterioration of the light.
Off the field in televised matches, there is usually a third umpire who can make decisions on certain incidents with the aid of video evidence.
The third umpire is mandatory under the playing conditions for Test and Limited Overs International matches played between two ICC full member countries.
These matches also have a match referee whose job is to ensure that play is within the Laws and the spirit of the game. The match details, including runs and dismissals, are recorded by two official scorers , one representing each team.
The scorers are directed by the hand signals of an umpire see image, right. For example, the umpire raises a forefinger to signal that the batsman is out has been dismissed ; he raises both arms above his head if the batsman has hit the ball for six runs.
The scorers are required by the Laws to record all runs scored, wickets taken and overs bowled; in practice, they also note significant amounts of additional data relating to the game.
A match's statistics are summarised on a scorecard. Prior to the popularisation of scorecards, most scoring was done by men sitting on vantage points cuttings notches on tally sticks and runs were originally called notches.
Pratt of Sevenoaks and soon came into general use. Besides observing the Laws, cricketers must respect the "Spirit of Cricket," which is the "Preamble to the Laws," first published in the code, and updated in , and now opens with this statement: .
The Preamble is a short statement that emphasises the "Positive behaviours that make cricket an exciting game that encourages leadership, friendship, and teamwork.
The major responsibility for ensuring fair play is placed firmly on the captains, but extends to all players, umpires, teachers, coaches, and parents involved.
The umpires are the sole judges of fair and unfair play. They are required under the Laws to intervene in case of dangerous or unfair play or in cases of unacceptable conduct by a player.
Previous versions of the Spirit identified actions that were deemed contrary for example, appealing knowing that the batsman is not out but all specifics are now covered in the Laws of Cricket, the relevant governing playing regulations and disciplinary codes, or left to the judgement of the umpires, captains, their clubs and governing bodies.
The terse expression of the Spirit of Cricket now avoids the diversity of cultural conventions that exist in the detail of sportsmanship — or its absence.
Women's cricket was first recorded in Surrey in It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa, renamed the International Cricket Conference in and took up its current name in It also appoints the umpires and referees that officiate at all sanctioned Test matches, Limited Overs Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals.
Each member nation has a national cricket board which regulates cricket matches played in its country, selects the national squad, and organises home and away tours for the national team.
The table below lists the ICC full members and their national cricket boards: . Cricket is a multi-faceted sport with multiple formats that can effectively be divided into first-class cricket , limited overs cricket and, historically, single wicket cricket.
The highest standard is Test cricket always written with a capital "T" which is in effect the international version of first-class cricket and is restricted to teams representing the twelve countries that are full members of the ICC see above.
Although the term "Test match" was not coined until much later, Test cricket is deemed to have begun with two matches between Australia and England in the —77 Australian season ; since , most Test series between England and Australia have been played for a trophy known as The Ashes.
The term "first-class", in general usage, is applied to top-level domestic cricket. Test matches are played over five days and first-class over three to four days; in all of these matches, the teams are allotted two innings each and the draw is a valid result.
Limited overs cricket is always scheduled for completion in a single day, and the teams are allotted one innings each. There are two types: List A which normally allows fifty overs per team; and Twenty20 in which the teams have twenty overs each.
List A was introduced in England in the season as a knockout cup contested by the first-class county clubs.
In , a national league competition was established. The concept was gradually introduced to the other leading cricket countries and the first limited overs international was played in In , the first Cricket World Cup took place in England.
Twenty20 is a new variant of limited overs itself with the purpose being to complete the match within about three hours, usually in an evening session.
The first Twenty20 World Championship was held in Limited overs matches cannot be drawn, although a tie is possible and an unfinished match is a "no result".
Single wicket was popular in the 18th and 19th centuries and its matches were generally considered top-class.
In this form, although each team may have from one to six players, there is only one batsman in at a time and he must face every delivery bowled while his innings lasts.
Single wicket has rarely been played since limited overs cricket began. Matches tended to have two innings per team like a full first-class one and they could end in a draw.
Cricket is played at both the international and domestic level. There is one major international championship per format, and top-level domestic competitions mirror the three main international formats.
There are now a number of T20 leagues , which have spawned a "T20 freelancer" phenomenon. Most international matches are played as parts of 'tours', when one nation travels to another for a number of weeks or months, and plays a number of matches of various sorts against the host nation.
Sometimes a perpetual trophy is awarded to the winner of the Test series, the most famous of which is The Ashes. A league competition for Test matches played as part of normal tours, the ICC World Test Championship , had been proposed several times, and its first instance began in First-class cricket in England is played for the most part by the 18 county clubs which contest the County Championship.
The concept of a champion county has existed since the 18th century but the official competition was not established until Australia established its national first-class championship in —93 when the Sheffield Shield was introduced.
In Australia, the first-class teams represent the various states. The world's earliest known cricket match was a village cricket meeting in Kent which has been deduced from a court case recording a "cricketing" of "the Weald and the Upland" versus "the Chalk Hill" at Chevening "about thirty years since" i.
Inter-parish contests became popular in the first half of the 17th century and continued to develop through the 18th with the first local leagues being founded in the second half of the 19th.
At the grassroots level, local club cricket is essentially an amateur pastime for those involved but still usually involves teams playing in competitions at weekends or in the evening.
Schools cricket , first known in southern England in the 17th century, has a similar scenario and both are widely played in the countries where cricket is popular.
Cricket has had a broad impact on popular culture, both in the Commonwealth of Nations and elsewhere. It has, for example, influenced the lexicon of these nations, especially the English language, with various phrases such as "that's not cricket" that's unfair , "had a good innings " lived a long life and " sticky wicket ".
It originated as a term for difficult batting conditions in cricket, caused by a damp and soft pitch. James , is often named the best book on any sport ever written.
In the visual arts, notable cricket paintings include Albert Chevallier Tayler 's Kent vs Lancashire at Canterbury and Russell Drysdale 's The Cricketers , which has been called "possibly the most famous Australian painting of the 20th century.
Cricket has close historical ties with Australian rules football and many players have competed at top levels in both sports.
The Melbourne Football Club was founded the following year, and Wills and three other members codified the first laws of the game.
Team A stellt nur die zwei Schlagmänner auf das Spielfeld. Der eine Schlagmann fungiert als Schläger, der andere als Läufer.
Hier kann man sagen, dass Mannschaft A nun die angreifende Mannschaft ist, denn nur diese Mannschaft kann jetzt punkten. Punkten kann sie, indem der Batsman den Ball trifft und soweit als nur möglich ins Feld schlägt.
Mit einem guten Treffer kann er sich vier oder sechs Punkte holen. Die Punktezahl ist von der Weite des Schlages abhängig, die allerdings nach Belieben festgelegt werden kann.
Geht der Schlag weniger weit, kann die Mannschaft Punkte sammeln, indem der Schlagmann zum anderen Ende des Sandstreifens rennt — und wieder zurück.
Gleichzeitig wechselt auch der Läufer die Seite. Gelingt dem Bowler ein Wicket bei drei aufeinander folgenden Würfen, so spricht man von einem Hattrick.
Von den regulären Runs unterscheidet man die sogenannten Extras. Dabei gibt es fünf unterschiedliche Arten:. In beiden Fällen muss der Ball auch noch zusätzlich vom Bowler wiederholt werden.
Penalties werden jeweils in Blöcken von fünf Runs vergeben. Alle diese oben genannten Punkte werden nicht dem Schlagmann gutgeschrieben, sondern in der jeweiligen Kategorie unter Extras vermerkt.
Eine Mannschaft gewinnt, wenn sie mehr Punkte als der Gegner erzielt hat, nachdem dieser sein e Innings abgeschlossen hat. Möglich ist auch ein durch den Schiedsrichter zuerkannter Sieg wegen Spielverweigerung der gegnerischen Mannschaft, ein Sieg durch Aufgabe des Gegners oder ein Sieg durch Penalties.
Das Spiel endet unentschieden, wenn alle Innings abgeschlossen und die Punktzahlen beider Mannschaften gleich sind. Dieses Ergebnis ist sehr selten.
Cricket wird generell in nationales und internationales Cricket geteilt, bei der heute drei unterschiedliche Spielweisen dominieren. Auf internationaler Ebene werden die drei Formen zumeist in Form von Touren zwischen zwei Mannschaften und Turnieren mit mehreren Mannschaften absolviert.
Auf nationaler Ebene gibt es in allen drei Formen Ligen und Turniere. Als Test oder Test Cricket bezeichnet man eine spezielle Form eines internationalen Cricketspiels die traditionell als höchste Form der Ausübung des Sports gilt.
Bei dieser Spielform wird das Spiel an bis zu fünf Tagen — in täglich drei rund zweistündigen Spielabschnitten — ausgetragen.
Tests sind wiederum meist in eine Serie von zwei bis sechs Tests eingebettet, so dass die entsprechenden Duelle sich über mehrere Wochen hinziehen können.
Die Berechtigung Tests auszutragen ist nur auf wenige, derzeit 12, Nationalmannschaften beschränkt. Tests sind dabei eine Sonderform des First-Class Cricket, das vor allem auf nationaler Ebene ausgetragen wird.
Die Spiele zwischen Profimannschaften finden überwiegend in einer Liga statt und dauern drei bis vier Tage.
Auch hierbei werden zwei Innings je Mannschaft mit derselben Tageseinteilung wie beim Test Cricket gespielt.
Am bekanntesten ist die englische County Championship Grafschaftsmeisterschaft , die seit ausgetragen wird. Diese neue Art des Crickets erfreute sich schnell wachsender Popularität auch wenn es von Traditionalisten zunächst weitgehend abgelehnt wurde.
Sobald also eines dieser beiden Kriterien erfüllt wird, ist das Innings vorbei. Das äquivalent auf nationaler Ebene oder Spiele von weniger etablierten Nationalmannschaften bezeichnet man als List A Cricket.
Dabei etablierte sich das TwentyCricket , bei dem die Spielabschnitte auf je 20 Over verkürzt werden und eine Maximalspieldauer von 75 Minuten je Innings festgelegt ist.
Ein Cricketspieler benötigt ein Trikot, oft zusätzlich einen Sweater und eine lange Hose. Jeder Schlagmann hat einen Schläger und trägt Schutzausrüstung.
Das wichtigste Schutzbekleidungsstück sind die Pads , die seine Beine vor dem mit einer sehr hohen Wucht auftreffenden Ball schützen.
Einige Spieler tragen darüber hinaus noch einen Schutz für die Arme oder gar einen Brustschutz unter dem Hemd. Bei der Feldmannschaft trägt nur der Wicket Keeper , der immer hinter dem Schlagmann und dessen Wicket steht, eine besondere Ausrüstung.
Keine Nationalmannschaft aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum konnte sich bisher für eine Weltmeisterschaft qualifizieren. Cricket wird in Deutschland offiziell vom Deutschen Cricket Bund e.
Der Ursprung von Cricket in Deutschland lag seinerzeit in Berlin. Die 1. Der Spielbetrieb in Deutschland ist in einer mehrgleisigen Bundesliga und darunter angesiedelten Regionalligen organisiert.